Mojibake

Help, special characters! – mojibake (jumble of characters)

A service from special characters help

Initial coding Web browser setting Display in the web browser
Unicode (UTF-8) Unicode (UTF-8) Falsches Üben von Xylophonmusik quält jeden größeren Zwerg. (1)
Unicode (UTF-8) Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1/-15)

Falsches Ãoeben von Xylophonmusik quält jeden größeren Zwerg.

→ a 16-bit character is divided into two 8-bit characters

Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1/-15) Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1/-15) Falsches Üben von Xylophonmusik quält jeden größeren Zwerg.
Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1/-15) Unicode (UTF-8) Falsches �ben von Xylophonmusik qu�lt jeden gr��eren Zwerg.

Initial coding and final coding must be the same, otherwise there will be jumble of characters.

If the output encoding UTF-8, it is necessary to the set the Web browser also to UTF-8 set (view/character encoding → Unicode).

As alternative to a webmail interface, you can use a Unicode-enabled email client (Thunderbird, Outlook, etc.).

Unfortunately, these programs are set by default to 8-bit character sets. They must first be manually switched to Unicode:

     Thunderbird: View/Character Encoding
     Outlook: Tools/Options/E-mail format/International_Options/encoding options

In HTML5, UTF-8 is the default encoding, so this should be used if possible.

 

(1) “Incorrect practicing of xylophone music torments every larger dwarf”, a pangram in German.