What are diacritics?
- Category: English content
- Published: Wednesday, 13 April 2016 22:02
Help, special characters! – What are diacritics?
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Diacritics (singular diacritic, Greek for “to distinguish”) are small strokes, points, hooks, etc., usually over, under, or in the middle of a base character, and change its pronunciation or emphasis. They serve, as their name indicates, as a distinguishing marks in connection with otherwise identically-looking characters.
Diacritics have full orthographic importance (see diacritics and the German dictionary). Omitting diacritics may cause slower flow of reading, confusion about the pronunciation, and even cause misdirection:
Mi papá tiene 47 años. – My father is 47 years old.
Mi papa tiene 47 anos. – My potatoe has 47 assholes.
Examples of diacritics:
Acute - á
Double acute - ő
Gravis - à
Double gravis - ȁ
Breve - ă ḫ
Inverted breve - ȇ a̯
Macron - ā ḇ
Cédille - ç ş
(Allographic variant: comma - ș ņ ģ)
Circumflex - â ḓ
Haček - č a̬
(Allographic variant: apostrophe - ť)
Horn - ơ
Ring - å ḁ
Ogonek - ą
Point - ṡ ṣ
Point in center - ŀ
Dash - đ ǥ
Slash - ł ø
Tilde - ã ṵ
Trema - ë ï ẍ ṳ
Umlaut - ä ö ü (visually identical with → trema, but resulted from e put above)
Diacritics can also occur in combination: ǻ ǿ ǟ ǭ ȭ ȱ ȫ …
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diacritic – Wikipedia article